Teleological views and Theological Views on Marriages

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Teleological View of Marriage: Teleology is the philosophical study on evidences of design in the nature. Purpose orients the design of the product. Teleological argument strongly challenges Darwinian story – the Evolution theory, as the intelligent, rational and purposeful cause is not taken into consideration. Teleology presupposes that most of the concepts in the nature are described but not defined; they are discovered rather than invented. Doctors describe the purpose and process of various parts of human body. In the same way marriage is not invented or defined by human society; hence it cannot define it. It is marriage that makes a family and it is families that makes a society. Further, it is sum of the parts that make the whole; as bricks make a building, but not the other way – its not the buildings that make the bricks. Marriage is primarily for compatible companionship and for children; for partnership and procreation going hand in hand. Same-sex marriage can stand for neither of them. Same sex marriage is, therefore, a modern contradiction.

Theological View of Marriage: The Bible is the journey from the marriage of Adam and Eve to the marriage of Christ and the Church. Marriage is the sacred institution designed by God. God created humanity – both man and woman – in His own image and likeness (Genesis 1. 27) and therefore, man and woman, put together, make humanity and society complete. The Bible says that God created a fit helper (not a term to indicate the superiority of man) for man – a woman, so that they might unite and become one unit called family (Genesis 2.18, 24). The words “a helper fit for him” has two important characteristics – Companionship and Compatibility. Companionship has to be of the same kind and Compatibility has to provide what is missing within the same kind. Therefore, by design, a helper fit for man has to be a woman. The smallest and complete unit in this universe is a family that consists of a man and a woman. A family consisting of a man and a woman is like a “complete and healthy” cell within a human body. It is the cells that make a human body. Similarly, its is the heterosexual combined unit called “family” that makes the society.

The Bible first gave the design and the description of a family. It goes on further to provide the deviations that occurred from the original design and definition and the consequent destruction that came due to the deviations. The Bible mentions same-sex as a deviation in Genesis 19 – where the men of Sodom wanted to have sex with the two angels, who are males, when these angels visited Lot’s home. Etymologically the word “Sodomy” is derived from this context. A similar account appears in Judges 19 and it ends with the words “such things has never been seen or done…”Leviticus 18.22 calls the act of male having sex with another male as an abomination, which means that it is not acceptable, both, ethically and ritually. Leviticus 20.13 commands death penalty to such abomination. Paul takes the cue from these verses and declares, under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, that such people will not inherit the kingdom of God (I Corinthians 6.9-10 and I Timothy 1.10).

The most dreadful image of same-sex acts appears in Romans 1.26-27, which states that God “gave them up” to their degrading passions and calls this as unnatural (a deviation from the original design) that resulted in reception due penalty. For God, all sin (deviation) is equal, but he is equally gracious to forgive and receive the one who turns from a deviation (Romans 6.23). A same-sex act is a sin, but if the one involved in this sin turns away from it and asks God forgiveness then God is quick and eager to forgive and offer His mercy and grace. The gift of God in Christ Jesus, the eternal life is available to all those who has faith in the giver, the Almighty and gracious Father.

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Edward Kuntam